Rulon Gardner, an Olympic gold medalist in Greco-Roman wrestling, was stranded for 17 hours after snowmobiling in the mountains of Wyoming. When found, his clothes had frozen to his body. He survived, but lost a toe to frostbite. That redness from frostnip turns white. The skin may still be soft, but ice crystals have started to form.
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Your skin may feel warm, which indicates damage to the skin. You might lose all feeling in that area. The area will turn black and hard as the tissue dies. Wrap them up in warm blankets. Do not use direct heat. If there is a chance frostbite areas will freeze again, do not thaw. If numbness or pain remains, or blisters develop, you should move on to seek medical care. Dressings to protect the skin will be applied, and possibly a brace or splint to prevent movement of the affected area which can cause more damage.
Removal of damaged tissue is necessary to heal properly. In cases of severe frostbite, amputation may be necessary. Frostbite is damage to the skin and underlying tissues by extreme cold. Hands, feet, nose, and ears are most at risk. Symptoms range from pins and needles to numbness to blisters to gangrene. First aid is the first step in caring for frostbite, and includes gradually and gently warming the cold area.
If symptoms continue, medical care is necessary, which can include amputation. The information on this site is for your information only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study. Login here for access. Did you know… We have over college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1, colleges and universities.
What Is Frostbite? - Definition, Symptoms & Treatment
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Seasonal Science: Frostbite | PBS LearningMedia
Add to Add to Add to. Want to watch this again later? If you've ever traveled to a northern region or taken part in winter sports, you may have heard about the dangers of frostbite. Find out what the symptoms of frostbite are and what you can do if you find yourself in an icy cold situation. Definition Have you been skiing or snowboarding and gotten freezing cold? Your skin turns red, and that area of your body feels very cold.
Treatment Frostbite can be treated with first-aid and medical treatment, depending on how severe it is. Try it risk-free No obligation, cancel anytime.
Educational Winter Safety Programs
Want to learn more? Select a subject to preview related courses: Summary Frostbite is damage to the skin and underlying tissues by extreme cold. Register to view this lesson Are you a student or a teacher? I am a student I am a teacher. Unlock Your Education See for yourself why 30 million people use Study. Become a Member Already a member? What teachers are saying about Study. Earning College Credit Did you know… We have over college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1, colleges and universities.
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If you detect symptoms of frostbite, seek medical care. First determine whether the victim also shows signs of hypothermia. Hypothermia is a more serious medical condition and requires emergency medical assistance. If 1 there is frostbite but no sign of hypothermia and 2 immediate medical care is not available, proceed as follows:.
Educational Winter Safety Program Curriculum
These procedures are not substitutes for proper medical care. Hypothermia is a medical emergency and frostbite should be evaluated by a health care provider. Taking a first aid and emergency resuscitation CPR course is a good way to prepare for cold-weather health problems. Knowing what to do is an important part of protecting your health and the health of others. Taking preventive action is your best defense against having to deal with extreme cold-weather conditions. By preparing your home and car in advance for winter emergencies, and by observing safety precautions during times of extremely cold weather, you can reduce the risk of weather-related health problems.
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